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Left on Base: Minor League Baseball Stadiums and Gentrification
Researchers have analyzed stadiums as an urban redevelopment tool for two decades but little work has studied what effect sports facilities have on gentrification. This article attempts to fill that void in the literature, using a multicity panel study to understand how minor league baseball stadiums affect the immediately surrounding areas on measures of redevelopment and gentrification. Regression results show that census tracts near a new minor league baseball stadium saw significant increases in the median income and slower growth in the share of minorities, but no change in the median rent or the overall rate of residential turnover. These findings indicate that minor league baseball stadiums create elements of both economic growth and demographic change, an outcome that deserves consideration when planning similar projects in the future.
"Outsiders with Deep Pockets": The Nationalization of Local School Board Elections
Recent election cycles have seen growing attention to the role of "outside" money in urban school board elections. Using an original data set of more than 16,000 contributions covering election cycles from 2008 to 2013 in four school districts (Los Angeles, CA; New Orleans, LA; Denver, CO; Bridgeport, CT), we show how large national donors play a significant role. Our study links two dynamic fields that are rarely studied together: (1) the behavior of wealthy donors in a changing national campaign finance system and (2) the evolving politics of urban education. By examining donor networks, we illuminate the mechanisms behind the nationalization of education politics and national donor involvement in local campaigns. We show that shared affiliations through education organizations are significantly associated with school board campaign contributions.
First Source Hiring: An Essential Tool for Linking the Poor to Employment or a "Dead Letter" Progressive Policy?
Although cities have revived as economic centers for the middle and upper classes, poor and minority communities continue to be locked out of urban job markets. First Source Hiring is designed to act as both a linkage program and a targeted hiring rule to ensure low-income residents have opportunities to work on publicly sponsored projects. A first wave of FSH began in the 1980s but was abandoned due to political push-back. A second wave emerged in response to growing inequality in the 1990s and 2000s. In this article, we review the literature on FSH development and implementation through a Four Rs evaluation framework. Then, we use case studies of FSH for Los Angeles World Airports, the Atlanta BeltLine, and the City of San Francisco to assess the potential of "second-wave" FSH programs to make meaningful contributions to linking disadvantaged job seekers with opportunities.
ICTC Conference 9-11 Nov 2016 | Launceston, Tasmania
Future Places: Conflict in Harmony
Register now - click here. Mid rate registrations closes 16 August 2016.
The 16th International Cities Town Centres & Communities Conference features over 80 world-class presentations from city planning, place making, economic development and innovation specialists from Australia, Europe, UK, New Zealand and USA..
Visit the ICTC 2016 conference webpage to view:
- 3 day conference program
- Keynote speakers including Gehl Architects, Deloitte & Cisco.
- Pre-conference masterclasses
- Field Trips and pop-up walk
- Activities and things to do in Tasmania
Enquiries E: email@example.com | T: +61 7 3161 5901
Host ICTC 2018 or 2019 Conference
Nominate your city now click here to dowload form.
Nominations are now open for your city to host the next ICTC Conference. Find out more about hosting ICTC click here..